Gluten Free Graham Crackers

Light, crisp, and buttery. Cinnamon, brown sugar, vanilla, and honey all complement earthy teff and oat flours, making these homemade gluten free graham crackers extra addictive.

delicious Gluten Free Graham Crackers Recipe

I grew up in the ’80’s, when fat was evil and carbs were a-ok. Graham crackers were regularly doled out at snacktime, both at school and at home, always accompanied by glasses of apple juice or milk. I always felt meh about the cardboardy little buggers, dreaming of chocolate covered ice cream bars or gooey chocolate chip cookies to satisfy my ever hangry sweet tooth. But recently I tried my hand at homemade graham crackers and everything changed.


Homemade graham crackers are worlds away from their dry, packaged counterparts. These buttery babes boast a crisp, almost shortbread-like vibe, and they burst with flavor from nutty teff and oat flours kissed with cinnamon, honey, and brown sugar. They’re perfectly satisfying eaten plain, next to a cup of tea or oat milk, and they can also play a supporting role in the form of a graham cracker crust or s’more. Bake up a batch of these and you’ll never go back to store bought.

Gluten Free Graham Cracker dough

Which flours make the best gluten-free graham crackers?

Inspired by a wheat and teff flour graham cracker recipe in Good to the Grain by Kim Boyce, I use a mix of teff, oat, and sweet rice flours in my gluten free graham crackers. Teff is rich in protein (as well as fiber, vitamins, and minerals) and that protein helps baked goods hold together, just like gluten does. Soft, starchy oat flour helps these bake up light and tender, adding a creamy, mellow taste similar to whole wheat. Sweet rice flour (aka mochi flour or sticky rice flour) is stickier than regular white rice flour and creates structure, while cornstarch keeps them crisp and delicate. All of these flours can be found at natural food stores or ordered online, but I’ve given suggestions for alternatives in the recipe headnote below.

pricking Gluten Free Graham Crackers with fork

Who invented graham crackers anyway?

Sylvester Graham was a presbyterian minister who believed that eating a vegetarian diet rich in whole grains and living a lifestyle abstinent of pleasure brought one closer to god. I picture Sylvester Graham as a lean, mean man with thin lips and permanent RBF, perpetually scowling at those around him enjoying their lives. An extra-hearty form of whole wheat flour – graham flour – was named for Mr. Graham and used to make breads and crackers that he and his followers devoured.

Sylvester Graham was onto something when it came to the health benefits of whole grains, but he got the whole self-deprivation thing wrong in one glaring respect. Whole grain flours taste BETTER than their bland, white counterparts. Delicious, in fact. Once you taste baked goods made (properly) with flavorful flours such as oat, teff, buckwheat, chestnut, and sorghum, you’ll become spoiled and snobby like I did when I wrote Alternative Baker. You’ll find conventional, refined baked goods lacking.

Here’s hoping Sylvester Graham knew exactly what he was up to, and secretly savored his tasty carbs. Otherwise, he’s definitely rolling over in his grave at this luxurious version of his precious crackers.

Gluten Free Graham Crackers before baking

How to use your perfect gluten free graham crackers?

Anywhere you’d use regular grahams!

Grind them into a graham cracker crust:

Sandwich them around chocolate and marshmallows for s’mores:

Crush them up and put them in/on:

Gluten Free Graham Crackers Recipe on baking tray

Can I make dairy free or vegan graham crackers?

Heck yeah! For dairy free graham crackers, just use a good vegan butter in place of the dairy butter (I prefer Miyoko’s cultured vegan butter), decrease the salt in the recipe by about half if the vegan butter is salted. For vegan graham crackers, use a different liquid sweetener in place of the honey such as maple syrup, corn syrup, date syrup, or coconut nectar.

Gluten Free Graham Crackers on table

What to do with the rest of that teff flour?

plate of Gluten Free Graham Crackers

*Bojon appétit! For more Bojon Gourmet in your life, follow along on Instagram,  Facebook, or Pinterest, purchase my gluten-free cookbook Alternative Baker, or subscribe to receive new posts via email. And if you make these gluten free graham crackers, I’d love to see. Tag your Instagram snaps  @The_Bojon_Gourmet  and  #bojongourmet.*

gluten free graham crackers recipe
4.75 from 8 votes

Gluten Free Graham Crackers

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Light, crisp, and buttery. Cinnamon, brown sugar, vanilla, and honey all complement earthy teff and oat flours, making these homemade gluten free graham crackers extra addictive.
Prep: 1 hour
Cook: 20 minutes
Total: 1 hour 20 minutes
Servings: 24 (2-inch) grahams


  • 1/3 cup (50 g) sweet rice flour
  • 1/3 cup (45 g) teff flour
  • 1/3 cup (35 g) oat flour (plus more for rolling out the dough)
  • 2 tablespoons (11 g) cornstarch
  • ¼ cup (55 g) packed light brown sugar
  • ½ teaspoon cinnamon
  • ½ teaspoon baking powder
  • ¼ teaspoon baking soda
  • ¼ teaspoon fine sea salt
  • 4 tablespoons (55 g) salted or unsalted butter, diced
  • 1 ½ tablespoons cool water (add a few drops more if needed until dough just starts to come together)
  • 1 ½ tablespoons honey
  • ½ teaspoon vanilla extract
  • coarse sugar such as demerara, for sprinkling


  • In the bowl of a food processor (or in a large bowl), combine the sweet rice flour, teff flour, oat flour, cornstarch, light brown sugar, cinnamon, baking powder, baking soda, and salt. Scatter the butter pieces over the top and pulse in (or rub with your fingertips) until the butter is incorporated and the mixture resembles the texture of polenta. Drizzle the water, honey, and vanilla over the flour mixture and pulse (or toss with a flexible spatula or your hands) until the dough just comes together, adding more water a few drops at a time if needed.
  • Knead the dough lightly in the bowl and gather it into ball. Flatten the dough ball into a disc and wrap in beeswax wrap or plastic wrap. Chill until firm, 20-30 minutes.
  • On piece of parchment paper dusted with oat flour, roll the dough into a rectangle to about 1/8- inch thick. As you work, when the dough begins sticking to the parchment, dust the top with more oat flour, sweep the excess away with a dry pastry brush, place a second piece of parchment on top, flip the whole thing over, and peel away the parchment. Dust the top with more flour and continue rolling.
  • Slide the dough, parchment and all, onto a rimless cookie sheet. Use a sharp chef’s knife or pastry cutter to cut the dough into squares or rectangles. Leave the crackers where they are and prick them all over with a fork. Chill until firm, 20 minutes.
  • Position a rack in the upper third of the oven and preheat to 325º F.
  • Sprinkle the cookies with the coarse sugar and bake until deep golden brown and fairly firm to the touch, 15-22 minutes. Cut the crackers again with a knife and let them cool. If the cookies aren’t fully crisp when cool, put them back in a low oven to further dry them out. Store airtight at room temperature for up to a week or two.


Teff flour adds its distinctive, whole grain flavor here. But if you can't find any, try subbing another GF flour such as buckwheat, sorghum, millet, brown rice, or more oat flour. Or try a gluten-free all-purpose blend in place of one or all of the flours.
This makes a smallish batch of cookies – and they go quick – so feel free to double the recipe if you like.
Adapted from Genius Kitchen.
Nutritional values are based on one of twenty-four servings.


Calories: 55kcal | Carbohydrates: 9g | Protein: 1g | Fat: 2g | Saturated Fat: 1g | Cholesterol: 5mg | Sodium: 37mg | Potassium: 19mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 4g | Vitamin A: 60IU | Calcium: 10mg | Iron: 0.2mg
Making this? I'd love to see!Tag your snaps @The_Bojon_Gourmet and #bojongourmet!

More Gluten-Free Cookie Recipes:


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39 thoughts on “Gluten Free Graham Crackers”

  1. I had never heard of Teff flour or Graham crackers but love the story and think they would be much more interesting than bought biscuits (crackers). Must give these a try. Thanks, Pauline

  2. These are sooooo gorgeous. I love the simplicity of a good graham cracker, especially one brimming with flavor and nuttiness. My girls adore graham crackers too, and I can’t wait to try this recipe with them. A perfect activity for our suddenly chilly East Coast evenings.

  3. I made these last night and they are awesome. I didn’t have teff flour, so I substituted amaranth flour, which worked really well. The recipe seems endlessly adaptable and they’re perfect for school snacks. Thanks for the recipe!

  4. Hi Alanna! I’d like to bake these graham crackers, but I hardly find sweet rice flour. Could you please suggest me with what I could replace it? Regular rice flour with a hint of rice starch for example? Thank you so much! Giorgia

    1. Hi Giorgia, sorry you’re having trouble finding sweet rice flour – it’s my GF baking secret weapon! I would try a blend of regular white rice flour and tapioca starch (maybe roughly 1 part tapioca to 4 parts flour). You could also use a GF all-purpose blend which should have some starchy, sticky ingredients in it. Please let me know what you try!

      1. Thank you so much Alanna! The problem with sweet rice flour here in Italy is that it is almost impossible to find. I will try with rice flour and tapioca starch. But I prefer not to use GF blends, I don’t like them very much. I will let you know!

      2. Thank you for your reply Alanna! I will try to mix rice flour with tapioca starch, because I prefer not to use GF blends. The problem with sweet rice flour here in Italy is that it is almost impossible to find… I will let you know! Thank u!

  5. These GF Graham Crackers were reminiscent of my childhood, however, so much healthier without the Gluten. I love the profile the Teff Flour gives to this updated classic and the honey comes through beautifully! The texture was absolutely perfect as well! I used these in a S’mores Parfait and it made the dessert so much more flavorful and special! I’ll definitely make these again!

  6. Do NOT make a single batch of these. You’ll need at least double but more likely triple. I couldn’t quite make 24 crackers that were 2 by 2 inch and 1/8 inch thick.
    I made these two ways: one with teff flour and one with chestnut flour. They both came out great. If I wanted to make these with mesquite flour, should I increase the weight by 30% (I’m using the chocolate chip cookies 4 ways as reference)? And for changes to the temperature, should I decrease the temp to 300? Or should I roll it out to 1/4 inch thick and leave the temp at 325 (using the mesquite gingersnap cookies in AB as reference)?

    1. Awwww, I read the first line of your comment and thought you meant “don’t make these” hahaha. I’m so glad you love them! I find them super addictive myself. :) Chestnut flour sounds delicious here! And mesquite – yesssss. I think increasing the weight of the mesquite by 30% and lowering the oven temp to 300º sounds like a good place to start experimenting. Please come back and let me know how it goes! I want to try all of those variations now too. :D

  7. I don’t eat gluten free but I like to cook for people who are gluten free. These are amazing! I would even eat then. Bless you for this recipe! My friends were big fans too!!!

  8. This recipe turned out so well! The texture is so reminiscent of a glutinous graham cracker unlike the store bought GF crackers. I’ve been unable to locate Sweet White Rice flour since Covid, so I substituted Arrowhead Mills GF APF for the white rice and I used coconut sugar. The other thing I did, is I left the crackers in the oven after turning it off at 22 minutes to let them crisp up as the oven cooled. Thank you for the amazing recipe! This is going to be a go-to in our house!

    1. Those modifications sound spot on! I bet coconut sugar adds a lovely flavor, I’ll have to try that next time. Thanks a bunch for the note!

  9. These are incredible as written! They’re deliciously grainy, nutty and buttery. I’m so thankful to have found your blog! Makes eating gluten free a treat :)

    1. Yes! This is from the post:
      For dairy free graham crackers, just use a good vegan butter in place of the dairy butter (I prefer Miyoko’s cultured vegan butter), decrease the salt in the recipe by about half if the vegan butter is salted. For vegan graham crackers, use a different liquid sweetener in place of the honey such as maple syrup, corn syrup, date syrup, or coconut nectar.

      Let me know how it goes!